Tank trailers, as they are commonly called, are vehicles with large tankers used for transporting liquids and dry bulk products in various industries such as oil, construction, farming, etc. all around the world. Tank trailers are specially designed for safe shipping of various liquids which might include hazardous products like LPG gas or petroleum fuel in bulk quantities. In North America, you can find tanker trailers of different types in various sizes and functionality options for industrial purposes from manufacturers such as Polar Tank Trailers, Retesa, Tremcar, LBT, Brenner, and more. These semi-trailers (trailers without a front axle) can be equipped with additional equipment to make the process of transporting products much easier and safer. For instance, a tank trailer can be equipped with a pumping system for safer and faster loading and off-loading of liquids.
The trailer's capacity is controlled by the max gross vehicle weight of 80,000 lbs for trucks in most of the states across the United States. Small tanker trucks have a maximum capacity of 1,000 to 3,000 gallons, while large tankers have a maximum capacity of 11,600 gallons. However, the maximum capacity of a tanker truck depends on the density of the liquid being transported, explains Trailers of Texas tanker expert Nick Harmon. Larger tankers average 5,500 to 11,600 US gallons for lighter weight products vs smaller tankers which average 3,000 to 5,400 gallons for heavier products.
The smaller-capacity tank trailers are typically used to transport liquid cargo throughout and within a local community. These types of semi-trailers can be seen being used at airports to fuel aircraft or to deliver domestic fuels, such as liquefied petroleum gas to homes as they are built compliant to safely carry such hazardous products.
On the other hand, large tankers can transport more than 11,000 gallons and are built to carry various liquids, including hazardous materials in bulk. Many liquid tankers are capable of transporting various liquids simultaneously with a sophisticated multiple compartment design which offers safety and functionality at the same time. These tankers could use typically two, three, four, and five separate compartments and can transport a variety of liquids, including fuels such as different gasoline grades, diesel, and industrial chemicals. It is important to note, each product with a different density or weight alters the tankers product carrying capacity.
Use of Baffles to Provide Extra Safety from Liquid Surge
Although tankers vary in shapes and size, they all have one goal in mind, to maximize your carrying capacity. Trailer of Texas explains that tankers can contain anywhere from 1 to 3 baffles to keep liquid movement to a minimum, sometimes also referred to as surge. The baffles aid in stabilizing the overall ride in the truck and when pulling the trailer.
Consider The Weight of the Trailer
Weight is a very important factor for buyers when purchasing a tank. Aluminum trailers typically are the lightest of the tanker industry and allow for the most capacity in terms of gallonage. Stainless Steel trailers are generally second when it comes to overall weight of tankers followed by Carbon Steel tankers. One thing to keep in mind when buying a trailer is to buy a proven design that has been tested year after year to avoid headaches. Many of the tanker trailers you see do travel on both the highway and off road on dirt and gravel roads. So, buying any of the proven quality brand we stock, and quote is a must when considering your purchase. Many trailers have options to save weight to maximize your payload some of the options include aluminum wheels, super single tires, and various brake options.
The size of the chemical tank trailer depends on the volume and/or weight per gallon being transported. Smaller tanks holding 3,800 and 5,000 gallons are used to transport products with higher specific gravity. Standard chemical trailers hold between 6,000 and 7,000 gallons. Some tank trailers hold up to 8,000 gallons to transport lighter products. Most commonly you will not find chemical trailers with baffles due to the chance of product contamination.
Typical crude oil tank trailers have an average capacity of 8,400 to 11,000 gallons but can range up to 12,680 gallons and with a Super B to 16,800 gallons. Most commonly in the southern US region you will see one compartment trailers with 8400, 8820, and sometimes 9240 gallons capacities. In the Northern and Western United States or Canada, you will typically find trailers with larger capacities pulled with a lead and pup trailer since weight limits are higher in those parts of the country.
Typically, the capacity for petroleum fuel tank trailers ranges from 9000 to 9800 gallon capacity. They can be made up of several different compartments and are built as four and five compartment trailers. This gives you flexibility in the different products you can haul in one trailer. Most compartment sizes range from 1000 upwards to 3100 gallons per compartment depending on the configuration. Commonly, you will find a double bulkhead between at least one compartment. A double bulkhead is a walled compartment that goes in between two of the trailersâ€™ compartments, its main functions are to compartmentalize the trailer and provide a barrier to prevent gasoline and diesel from mixing if you were to have a leak internally.
3A sanitary or food grade tank trailers when it comes to liquid products are commonly 6000-7000-gallon capacity. These are typically stainless steel trailers with 1 compartment and no baffles. What separates these trailers from something like a chemical trailer are the finish of the welds. They will perform a polish on the welds know as a 3A finish that ensures there is no product that gets left behind in any little crevices. Some features you could find in a trailer of this nature is a Clean In Place system also referred to as CIP. These systems are made up with spray balls which run water through the tank to ensure that is cleaned and ready for a new load or product.
No matter what your needs or requirements are, we at Trailers of Texas can work with anyone to get the perfect trailer for your business. We have been in business since 1995 and are trusted tank experts when it comes to product knowledge and experience, we know tanks!
Give us a call at 281-612-5263 or 281-949-7235 from 8am to 4:30pm Mon-Fri for all your trailer related questions.